IoT

About Smart Farming

Writer
Sindhu
Website
linkerlogic.com
Services
IoT
Type
Mobile app

CHALLENGE

     

According to the global statistics, the total population of human beings on Earth is estimated to touch 9.5 billion by the year 2050. It will be extremely challenging for the agricultural industry to feed so many people with the conventional farming methods and practices. The extreme weather conditions and the drastic climate change make it more difficult to meet the food demand in future. It is not possible to cope with the rising population if ranchers and farmers don’t embrace modern techniques in agriculture using technology.

SOLUTION

     

With the recent advancement in technologies, IoT devices are becoming an integral part of almost every aspect of life. Agriculture is one among those domains where smart farming techniques are applied to get various benefits. With IoT-based farming systems, crop fields can be monitored and the irrigation systems can be automated. The farmers can check the conditions of their fields from anywhere, making agriculture highly efficient and productive as compared to the conventional approach. Smart farming also enhances the output of farming, ranging from the amount of fertilizers used for a crop cycle to the number of journeys that the vehicles make during that cycle, thereby reducing waste. The demand for the growing population can be met by implementing the agricultural applications and solutions of IoTs. Ranchers, small farmers and land owners need to realize the potential of smart farming and install IoT technologies to increase sustainability in their productions. Smart farming also helps agronomists to study the growth models of plants in a broader perspective and understand the variability of climate. The changes in soil conditions can be monitored by installing sensors (temperature, moisture, humidity, light, density) and automating the irrigation systems. These sensors form a network to sense data and process the information, which can then be accessed by the farmer through an infrastructure built for communication. For instance, the IoT system can send a text message to the mobile phone of the farmer about a portion of the field that requires attention. This also includes smart mechanisms for pest control, spraying fertilizers, seed packaging, etc. These responses that are specific to a particular scenario significantly improve the agricultural productivity by avoiding inappropriate conditions of farming.

APPLICATIONS

      

The use of wireless sensors and networks in food production and agriculture is the recent trend in the farming industry. The applications of such smart farming are segregated into five main categories; namely environmental monitoring, machine control, facility automation, precision agriculture and traceability. Mentioned below are the descriptions for each of these applications.

ENGAGEMENT

With the rapid development of computer technology, field measurements of environmental variables such as water quality and weather data have been made a lot easier. The IoT devices can detect the scarcity of water and the humidity changes in the soil at different places. These devices not only monitor the long term interventions, but can also be used to send alerts during accidents in the farming lands that adversely affect the users of that area and can have highly dangerous implications. These systems have a one-time installation and the maintenance is not very difficult or time consuming.

MACHINE CONTROL

A new technology, known as M2M, supports both wired and wireless communications between two machines or a machine and a mobile device. This technology helps the farmers keep track of the conditions of their farms and control the systems from any place. This technology has many applications in farming including vehicle guidance, management of machinery, process control and access to robotic systems.

MACHINE CONTROL

A new technology, known as M2M, supports both wired and wireless communications between two machines or a machine and a mobile device. This technology helps the farmers keep track of the conditions of their farms and control the systems from any place. This technology has many applications in farming including vehicle guidance, management of machinery, process control and access to robotic systems.

FACILITY AUTOMATION

Agricultural facilities like greenhouses and buildings for feeding animals require lighting control, structural monitoring, security, electrical power control, easy accessing and fire hazard management. Use of IoTs for each of these helps reduce time and effectively maintain farming lands and related buildings. Analysis of data obtained from the farms can also be automated with the help of smart systems installed using IoT devices. Data analytics plays a crucial role in every major industry. It is much simpler to process and analyze data when susceptible errors can be ignored, like in the agricultural domain.

PRECISION AGRICULTURE

Wireless sensors and smart devices are used in agriculture to assist farmers and ranchers in spatial data collection, irrigation, technologies with variable rates and data control. Automating each of these activities increases the productivity of the farms, thereby improving the standards of agriculture in the rapidly growing tech industries.

PRECISION AGRICULTURE

Wireless sensors and smart devices are used in agriculture to assist farmers and ranchers in spatial data collection, irrigation, technologies with variable rates and data control. Automating each of these activities increases the productivity of the farms, thereby improving the standards of agriculture in the rapidly growing tech industries.

TRACEABILITY

The application potentials of RFID systems have made it extremely easy to meet the increasing demand and necessity for security. The safety of information like documentations for food products and tracking systems can be achieved by implementing IoTs in this industry. Other important applications include animal monitoring, food packaging, transportation and food inspection.